What Is Meaning? (Soochow University Lectures in Philosophy)
Philosophy of Language
He took part actively since his youth in the construction of democracy and legal rule in Modern China. Lao is the ninth laureate of the Tang Chun-I Visiting Professorship and the first scholar of Chinese origin to receive such honour.
Ancient philosophers have tried to define philosophy in various ways, but resulted in numerous theoretical difficulties. However, ostensive definition, strictly speaking, cannot provide the taxonomical criteria for the distinction among domains of problems.
We have to try a new way if we want to arrive at a precise but valid statement about the nature of philosophy. To exhibit the nature of philosophy by showing the nature of philosophical thinking is a progress in terms of methodology. But this gives rise to further theoretical problems. Foremost of them is the communication among different philosophical traditions.
There is also the problem of universality of the rationality of each of these traditions. If philosophical thinking is understood as reflective thinking, it shows a formal universality.
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However, the interests inherent in different ethnicities and communities serving as the basis of their reflective thinking are different. Inherent in the image of this fragmented world is: each of its heterogeneous parts will have her own rationality.
Lao Sze-kwang | Philosophy Department, CUHK
The present lecture will try to tackle this immense problem and provide some suggestions as conclusion. Variations and Constancy in Philosophical Problematics. Monday, 8 October Theoretical problems derived from the determination of philosophical thinking To exhibit the nature of philosophy by showing the nature of philosophical thinking is a progress in terms of methodology. Rationality: A Defense 6 Oct Sat — p.
The focus of several of Sweet's articles and books in political philosophy is the theme of rights and obligations.
Much of this has been historical — providing substantial and novel reassessments of British idealists such as Bernard Bosanquet but also of Maritain who, Sweet argues, converge on a number of significant points. Sweet's view is that these traditions provide a basis for a liberal, but non-individualistic, political philosophy.
He gives a brief account of a positive theory of idealist ethics in his Introductory essay to his edited volume on The Moral, Social, and Political Philosophy of the British Idealists , and he defends a broadly Maritainian view of dignity and human rights in a number of recent essays. Sweet's contributions to the philosophy of religion are developed over two single authored, one co-authored, and several edited books.
Sweet was a student of D. Phillips , and much of his work has been on the epistemology of religion and the nature of religious belief. Sweet argues that much of the debate in the Anglo-American traditions concerning the relation of faith and reason is based on assumptions concerning the meaning and truth of religious beliefs — assumptions which he traces to the early 17th century. Sweet argues that these accounts misrepresent or misunderstand what religious belief is, and that a more accurate account of religious belief which requires recognizing both the descriptive and expressive character of religious beliefs , and a broadly coherentist theory of truth can be used to address a number of contemporary issues in the philosophy of religion, such as the relation of religion and science.
Sweet travels extensively, and regularly lectures or teaches in East Asia, India, and Western Europe.